ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition

The human body needs energy for maintaining body temperature and metabolic activity and for supporting physical work and growth. The energy is required to promote satisfactory growth in infants and children and to maintain constant appropriate body weight and good health in adults. The factors which influence energy needs are age, body size, physical activity and in some extent, climate and altered physiological status such as pregnancy and lactation. Daily energy expenditure of adults depends on their occupational activity, sleep and non-occupational activity. Total energy expenditure is predicted by Basal Metabolic Rate(BMR) multiplied by Physical Activity Level (PAL).

Dietary sources of Energy:

Nutrient Foods Nutrient Content for 100g Edible Portion
Cooking oils (Groundnut,Gingelly,Palmolein,Mustard,Coconut etc.,) 900 Kcal
Ghee(Cow,Buffalo) 900 Kcal
Walnut (Juglans regia) 671 Kcal
Coconut dry (Cocos nucifera) 624 Kcal
Almond (Prunus amygdalus) 609 Kcal
Ground nut (Arachis hypogea) 520 Kcal
Rice (Oryza sativa ) 356 Kcal
Jaggery, cane (Saccharum officinarum) 353 Kcal
Dals( Soyabean,Greengram, Blackgram,Redgram,Bengalgram,Lentil) 335 Kcal
Wheat(Triticum aestivum) 321 Kcal
Chicken (skinless) 168 Kcal
Milk (Buffalo) 107 Kcal
Nutritive Value of Indian Foods-2012 & Indian Food Compositon Tables-2017, ICMR-National Institute of Nutrition,Hyderabad.
Nutrition atlas
Nutrition atlas